Trees available at Zone Ten
This is a photo album selection of some of the trees available at Zone Ten Nursery along with background and cultural information. There are a lot of color photos on this page and it will take a couple of minutes to load completely, but you should be able to read the text while you wait for all the pictures to develop. For a complete listing of available species, see the Plant Availability pages. This page was last updated on January 1, 2007.
Acacia choriophylla - Tamarindillo (native)
A small native flowering tree to 15 feet with bright yellow puff-ball blooms all down the branches in summer and fall. Full sun; high salt/ drought tolerance. Zones 10-11
Adenanthera pavonia / Red Sandelwood
Fast-growing semi-deciduous tree to 50 ft. has fragrant cream-colored flowers in spikes. Seed pods are curly brown with bright red seeds. From Tropical Asia to the Solomon Islands. Moderate salt/ high drought tolerance. Zones 10-12
Unusual, shrubby, evergreen tree to 15 feet, has silver green spiraling foliage. Grows straight up; does not have a spreading crown. Clusters of small yellow and white orchid-like flowers appear in spring and summer. An ideal choice for a small focal-point tree. From Senegal to Ethiopia. Very uncommon. Zones 10-11
Bauhinia sp. / Pink Bauhinia
This pink and white-flowered Bauhinia sp (probably B. variegata) blooms winter and spring and reaches 15-20 ft.; it is semi-deciduous in the winter. Medium growth rate. Zone 10
Beaucarnea recurvata (syn. Nolina recurvata)
Thee "Pony Tail Palm" is not a palm at all. It is a member of the Agave family and is native to Mexico. It is truly one of the most striking additions imaginable to your landscape collection. It usually does not exceed 15 feet in South Florida soils. Likes full to partial sun, average amounts of water and a well-drained soil. The base of the trunk becomes massively swollen as it grows, giving the plant an exotic appearance. The flowers are highly unusual as well.
Bombax glabra - French Peanut
This member of the Bombacaceae family is often confused in the literature with the Malabar Chestnut (Pachira aquatica) but it is a distinct species which differs in many ways from that tree.
This tree has a distinctively swollen trunk base - even when young. The flowers are smaller than in the chestnut and are pure white with no red on the stamens. They are also very fragrant with a sort of vanilla aroma. A medium height specimen tree with attractive foliage. Fruits are much smaller than in P. aqautica, and elongated rather than round. The allegedly edible seeds are only about 1 inch long. Grow in full sun for best flower production.
Brya ebenus / Jamaican Rain Tree
This graceful evergreen shrub or tree native to the West Indies, grows to a typical height of 25-30 feet. It blooms year-round with small orange-yellow flowers covering its branches, especially after heavy rains. It has high drought tolerence/ medium salt tolerance. Zones 10-11
Bulnesia arborea - Verawood
This graceful, yellow/orange-flowering tree is native to Colombia and Venezuela. Foliage and flowers are both highly prized as is the timber. Beautiful specimen tree to about 40 feet. Zygophyllaceae family. Drought tolerant once established.
Bursera simarouba - Gumbo Limbo Tree
One of the most attractive native trees for South Florida, the Gumbo Limbo has peeling reddish bark (thus the name "Tourist Tree"), and grows rapidly to around 50 feet. Good for open planting as a specimen tree or for re-creation of an Everglades hammock environment. Makes a nice street tree as well. Drought and salt tolerant. May be deciduous if not watered during the dry winter months. Zones 10 and 11. Burseraceae family.
Caesalpinia mexicana - Mexican caesalpinia
A delicate-looking yellow-flowering tree with open canopy grows to only about 18 feet in Ssouth Florida. Blooms summer to fall. Full sun for at least part of the day. Zones 9-11.
Caesalpinia pulcherrima / Pride of Barbados
Sometimes referred to as "Dwarf Poinciana", though it isn't. Lovely yellow, red/orange, pink or yellow pyramidal clusters of flowers appear spring/summer. Small tree to 15 feet. Can go deciduous during cold winters. U.S., Caribbean, So./Central America. Blooms very young. Low salt/ medium drought tolerance. Zones 9-11
Calliandra emarginata / Dwarf Powderpuff
This is a different species from the large powderpuff but has simliar red flowers. This evergreen species grows to only 6 feet, so it makes a good patio plant. Blooms in spring/summer. From Mexico and Guatemala. High drought tolerance. Zones 10-11.
Calliandra haematocephalla / Red Powderpuff
This plant can be grown as an attractive flowering tree to 15 feet if you are willing to keep up with the pruning. Otherwise, it makes an excellent screening shrub. The flowers of this form are more pink than the usual red type. Blooms fall through spring. From Bolivia. Zones 10-11.
Callistemon viminalis / Weeping Bottlebrush
This Australian native grows to 15 feet and has vibrant red bottle brush flowers that appear spring/summer/fall. It has a medium growth rate, medium salt and drought tolerance. Zones 9-11
Cananga odorata - Ylang Ylang, Perfume Tree
This is a collector's favorite from Southeast Asia. A member of the Annonaceae family, this tree is related to the sugar apple and soursop and grows to about 40 or 50 feet in South Florida. It makes an outstanding specimen tree and is rather uncommon. It is grown primarily for the intensely fragrant flowers which are produced along the branches on and off throughout the year. The flowers, which are especially fragrant evening through morning, are actually used to manufacture perfume. Zones 10-11. Full sun. Resistant to pests and diseases.
Cassia surattensis - Glaucous Cassia, Scrambled Egg Tree
A medium size (to 15 feet), fast growing flowering tree from Polynesia in the Caesalpiniaceae family . This is one of the few cassias which like to grow in a tree form. It makes a nice dooryard or entrance gate specimen and works well in a median, as shown here. Blooms in cycles year-round. Full sun. Drought tolerant once established. Called Kolomona in the South Pacific.
Castanospermum australe - Black Bean, Morton Bay Chestnut
From tropical and subtropical Australia, a tree prized for its wood as much as its spring flowers. Grown primarily as a specimen or street tree in Queensland and New Caledonia. Also called Australian Chestnut though the seeds are reported to be toxic unless roasted, like the Cashew. Zones 9-11. Widely grown in Europe as in indoor plant. Research is being carried out on the seed as a possible AIDS or cancer cure.
Chorisia speciosa - Pink Floss Silk Tree
Few sites equal that of a Chorisia in full bloom. They sometimes start during late summer, but fall is their time of glory. The strange, spiny trunk makes the tree look all that much more unusual. Fast-growing, with highly variable, lily-like flowers in various combinations of white, pink - often with purple to red striations on the petals. A large (45 feet), fast-growing tree for zones 10 and 11. Bombacaceae family. Drought tolerant.
Cocoloba uvifera - Sea Grape
A hardy, salt-tolerant tree or large shrub to 25 feet but usually less. Fruit is sometimes used to make jelly or wine. Attractive leaves can be used as plates. Native to Florida and the Caribbean.
Cordia lutea / Yellow Cordia
Lovely bell-shaped pure yellow flowers appear throughout the year on this small evergreen, shrubby tree. Typical height is 10-15 feet. It has medium salt tolerance. It originates from Peru and Ecuador. Plant in full sun. Zones 10-11
Cordia sebastena / Orange Cordia
Native to South Florida and the Caribbean, this small sized tree (20 - 25 feet) is salt and drought tolerant and flowers spring/summer/fall with intensely orange blossoms. The tree is evergreen and requires full sun. Zones 10-11
Crescentia cujete / CalabashEvergreen tree to 35 feet with medium growth rate which has unusual branching and produces gourd shaped fruits. From Mexico through Guatemala. Medium salt/ high drought tolerance. Zones 10-11
Delonix regia / Royal Poinciana
Native to Madagascar, this lovely spreading, fast growing tree grows to 40 feet. It is deciduous and blooms in late spring and through summer. Flower colors range from bright orange to deep red and even yellow. Medium salt / high drought tolerance. Zones 10-11
Enterolobium cyclocarpum - Elephant's Ear Tree
Fast growing deciduous tree to 40 feet or more is native to the West Indies and tropical America. It has small white flowers in clusters in the spring, followed by quirky flat, circular, fluted brown pods. Very wind resistant.
Erythrina caffra - Kaffirboom Coral Tree
Spikes of bright red flowers born on branch terminals appear in the spring. This unusual small tree is from southern Africa. Deciduous in winter. See our planted specimen tree.
Erythrina livingstonia -Tiger Claw
A small (12-15’), uncommon tree from Mozambique. Intense red flowers in the spring. Full sun. See our planted specimen tree. Deciduous in winter.
Eucalyptus deglupta / Rainbow Bark
From the west Pacific, this tree is valued for its timber and as an ornamental because of its specimen tree stature and its striking multicolored bark. It is a fast growing, upright tree, growing to 40 feet or larger, depending upon soil conditions. Zones 10-11
Ficus elastica - Indian Rubber Tree
A dark red-leaved cultivar of the Asian rubber tree grows rapidly to 50 feet. High drought tolerance. Zones 10 & 11. This is where car tires used to come from. It makes an unusual foliage color textural break from the typical tropical foliage planted these days.
Filicium decipiens - Japanese Fern tree
This hard-to-find elegant shade tree bears unusual foliage and maintains a spherical crown. Medium growth rate. Zones 10 & 11. From Sri Lanka and southern India. See our specimen tree (NW corner of the outdoor display area.) Evergreen. It will eventually grow to about 30 feet in height.
Haematoxylum campechianum - Campechy Wood A small (15), spreading-canopy flowering tree from Mexico. Clusters of small, fragrant yellow blooms in the winter and spring. Unusual form, bark and foliage texture. Nice accent tree. Uncommon.
Hura crepitans / Sandbox Tree
An uncommon collector’s item which grows to 60 feet with a massive, spiny trunk and a beautiful spreading canopy. Everything about this tree is strange, including its exploding seed pods and bizarre male and female flowers. Seeds are poisonous. Low salt/medium drought tolerance. Zones 10-11
Jacaranda mimosifolia - Jacaranda
Native to Brazil and Argentina, this is a spring and summer bloomer that grows to about 45 feet. Flowering times are somewhat variable depending upon the weather. Lacy, semi-deciduous foliage very similar to Royal Poinciana. High drought tolerance, low salt tolerance. Zones 9b-11.
Lagerstroemia speciosa - Queen's Crepe Myrtle
Specimen tree native to the Asian tropics. Usually to only about 35 feet in south Florida. Deciduous during winter. Summer purple bloom display is spectacular. Zones 10 and 11.
Pachira aquatica - Guiana Chestnut, Provision Tree, Malabar Chestnut
This is a beautiful shade and flowering tree that is very under-utilized in South Florida. Ours flowers pretty much all year long and never drops its leaves. There is much confusion regarding this species in the literature. (See comments, above, in description of Bombax glabra.) This tree is an excellent choice for areas with very wet soil, but it does not require it.
Roots will often flute and buttress in the wild, but usually not so much in local plantings. The tree should not be planted near a septic field, however. This is a spectacular and unusual shade tree with enormous flowers throughout the year. The fruit is edible - roasted like chestnuts or boiled as a vegetable.
Parkinsonia aculeata - Jerusalem Thorn Tree. Palo Verde A medium small (about 25 in S. Florida) drought-tolerant flowering tree from Central America. Small, orchid-like yellow blossoms on and off all year, but heaviest in spring and summer. Zones 9-11. Delicate bonsai-like appearance. Full sun. Semi-deciduous.
Peltophorum pterocarpum, P. dubium - Yellow Flame Tree
A tree growing to about 30 feet or less in this area, bears yellow blooms in late spring through autumn. Native to tropical Asia and the South Pacific. Makes a nice medium size street tree. The two species are difficult to tell apart.
Plumeria rubra - Frangipani An unusual-looking small tree from Central America. It grows to about 20 feet and is deciduous during the winter months. Flowers are quite fragrant. We have available the yellow and rainbow-striped varieties. Apocynaceae family.
Pseudobombax ellipticum - Pink Shaving Brush Tree
Spectacular and showy with hot pink flowers in winter/spring - usually bare of leaves at that time. Deciduous but fast-growing specimen flowering tree with dark green foliage. Medium salt/ medium drought tolerance. Typical height is 25 feet. Zones 10-11
Samanea saman* - Rain Tree, Monkeypod, Saman Tree
(syn. Pithecellobium saman & Albizia saman) A case could be made that this species is more of a shade tree than a flowering tree since, though the flowers are attractive, the primary character of the tree is the magnificent spreading crown. It is a rainforest species from northern South America and the Caribbean, where it will grow to well over 100 feet in height with a spread of perhaps 200 feet. In south Florida, those dimensions are scaled down considerably, though. The tree is sometimes briefly deciduous in winter following very cold weather or drought. The leaves fold together as night falls or when it rains. It may bloom sporadically throughout the year, but primarily during the summer months. Seed pods are edible. It provides broken shade, so it is possible to grow under story plants beneath this tree. Zones 10 & 11. This is one of our very favorite trees at Zone Ten.
* syn.: Albizia saman, Enterolobium saman, Pithecellobium saman.
Spathodea campanulata - African Tulip
A spectacular flowering tree with flower clusters of red to yellow color up to a foot across. Flowers year-round depending on the weather. Fast growing evergreen tree to 60 feet. Full sun, high drought / medium salt tolerance. Zones 10-11
Syzygium samarangense - Wax Jambu
An uncommon shade and fruit tree from Malaysia. Our variety produces a small but juicy fruit with an aftertaste of cinnamon. To 25 feet. Zones 10-11.
Tabebuia caraiba - Silver Trumpet Tree
Very showy clumps of yellow flowers in the spring. A medium growing, semi-deciduous tree to 25 feet with silver green foliage, this tree has corky bark and asymmetrical growth habit. It is also highly drought tolerant/ medium salt tolerance. Zones 10-11
Thevetia peruviana - Lucky Nut
(Syn. T. nerifolia) Attractive evergreen shrubby tree to 12 feet with yellow, bell-shaped flowers mostly spring-fall but usually year-round. The unusual fine foliage provides a nice contrast with what is usually seen in the subtropical garden. Sometimes called Yellow Oleander, which it resembles. Good accent plant for small areas, but is poisonous like oleander, so it is not suitable for homes with children. Prefers full sun. High salt tolerance/ medium drought tolerance. Native to tropical America. Zones 10 and 11.